During each stage, the person experiences a psychosocial crisis which could have a positive or negative outcome for personality development. However, whereas Freud was an id psychologist, Erikson was an ego psychologist. He emphasized the role of culture and society and the conflicts that can take place within the ego itself, whereas Freud emphasized the conflict between the id and the superego. According to Erikson, the ego develops as it successfully resolves crises that are distinctly social in nature.
Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. Before my onslaught into this, the core of this essay, I will first give a brief biographical introduction to Erikson the man, and from there I will make inquiries into his relationship with Freud and the psychoanalytical movement of which he was a part.
Erik was born in Frankfurt in and spent most of his early years in Karlsruhe 1. His father had deserted his Jewish mother before he was even born. When he was three his mother married his Jewish doctor, Theodore Homburger.
Erik assumed the name Homburger at this time. There he was referred to as Eriksons fifth stage of psychosocial development essay, while at his school he was seen as a Jew.
His feeling of alienation resulted in a major sense of crisis in his adolescent life. The teenage Erik considered himself an artistic type and perhaps as a consequence of his estranged family life, he wandered Europe for many years before he landed a job, rather by chance, teaching children of the psychoanalytical community in Vienna.
Erik eventually became part of this movement and was familiar with the major players in psychoanalytical thought at this time, including Sigmund Freud himself. It was here among this company that he first felt a sense of his own personal identity.
However, as a consequence of the threat of fascism in Europe, Erik and his wife made the decision to move to the United States in Shortly after his arrival Erik changed his name from Homburger to Erikson.
He felt he would have more success and would more likely be accepted in the professional community if he did so. In America he continued his development as a psychoanalyst and became somewhat of a specialist in child and adolescent analysis.
He had already carried out considerable study on childhood development in Vienna where Anna Freud had pioneered study in this area. It would be wrong to suggest that Erikson turns his back on his mentor, but there are a number of areas where Erikson clearly develops distinct and unique ideas from those of Freud.
As previously mentioned, Erikson placed a much greater emphasis on cultural and societal influences than did Freud. His own personal circumstances would almost definitely have influenced his opinion on this matter. The psychological symptoms shown by these men were very similar in nature to those he had witnessed among adolescents.
He eventually concluded that a problem of crisis of identity is prevalent throughout our lives but not usually to the extent of the situations already mentioned. There are other ideas introduced by Erikson that differentiated him from Freud. Erikson placed a much greater emphasis on the Ego than did his master.
This Ego integrated and organized the personality. Indeed, generally Erikson felt that the Ego had a more significant role in the make-up of the unconscious than Freud would ever have acknowledged 3. Another vital variation that exists between the two theorists is blatantly evident in their methodologies.
He arrived at his judgments largely as a consequence of his work with the mentally ill in Vienna 4. His patients were typically upper middle class women and therefore, it is difficult to conceive how he could maintain to have developed a theory that claimed to encapsulate the whole of humanity.
He had also moved away from the traditional Freudian method of almost exclusively studying those who were ill. His use of cross-cultural studies was another serious departure from what had previously been the norm. Another process, which came to be identified with Erikson, was his development of psychohistories of renowned individuals, both past and present.
The final material distinction I will mention between Freud and Erikson refers to the structure of their developmental theories. The importance of this is obviously immense, so the fact I have failed to mention this until now, should not be seen as a sign that it is otherwise the case.
I simply wanted to tie my investigation of these differences into my discussion of the actual stages of development. The most obvious and clearly defined differences between the theories are their duration.Erik Erikson was a psychologist who did most of his work in the post-Freudian era, in the s to the s.
He was a student of Freud, and was greatly influenced by the latter's theories of personality development. Term Paper Erik Erikson 8 Stages of Psychosocial Development and 90,+ more term papers written by professionals and your peers.
May 31, · -Erik Erikson’s Theory of Development-Freud’s was called Psychosexual Theory of Personality Development-Erikson’s is called Psychosocial Theory -There are 8 Stages to a person’s life -At each stage, there are particular challenges to deal with -If the challenge is overcome and resolved, no psychological.
Erik Erikson (, ) proposed a psychoanalytic theory of psychosocial development comprising eight stages from infancy to adulthood. During each stage, the person experiences a psychosocial crisis which could have a positive or negative outcome for personality development.
Psychosocial Theory: Erikson Doug Davis and Alan Clifton, Haverford '95 The Epigenetic Psychosexual Stages. Erikson believed that childhood is very important in personality development. He accepted many of Freud's theories, including the id, ego, and superego, and Freud's theory of .
The second stage of psychosocial development is called “autonomy versus shame and doubt” (Newman & Newman, ). It occurs approximately between the second and the fourth year of life.