July 17th, Leave a comment Go to comments Some of the most emotionally abusive relationships and traumatic divorces involve the mentally ill. One of the most difficult of these mental illnesses is Borderline Personality Disorder BPD because it is not easily diagnosed.
Description[ 1 ] This article refers to the International Classification of Diseases 10th edition ICD which is the official classification system for mental health professionals working in NHS clinical practice.
The literature occasionally refers to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders DSM classification system which - whilst used in clinical practice in the USA - is primarily used for research purposes elsewhere.
Emotionally unstable personality disorder is one of ten personality disorders defined in the ICD classification system. For more information, see separate Personality Disorders and Psychopathy article. Emotionally unstable personality disorder is characterised by pervasive instability of interpersonal relationships, self-image and mood and impulsive behaviour.
The cause is unknown but research suggests there is an interaction between adverse life events and genetic factors. Neurobiological research suggests that abnormalities in the frontolimbic networks are associated with many of the symptoms.
There is a particularly strong tendency towards suicidal thinking and self-harm. Transient psychotic symptoms, including brief delusions and hallucinations, may also be present. It is also associated with substantial impairment of social, psychological and occupational functioning and quality of life.
People with emotionally unstable personality disorder are particularly at risk of suicide. Diagnosis[ 1 ] The important feature of emotionally unstable personality disorder is a pervasive pattern of unstable and intense interpersonal relationships, self-perception and moods.
Impulses are poorly controlled. At times they may appear psychotic because of the intensity of their distortions. The ICD classification gives emotionally unstable personality disorder the code F The criteria are as follows: The general criteria of personality disorder F60 must be met.
Outbursts of violence or threatening behaviour are common, particularly in response to criticism by others. There are usually chronic feelings of emptiness.
Can individuals with Antisocial Personality Disorder be successfully treated with psychotherapy? Read about treatment in the Netherlands to learn more. Narcissistic personality disorder (NPD) is a personality disorder with a long-term pattern of abnormal behavior characterized by exaggerated feelings of self-importance, excessive need for admiration, and a lack of empathy. Those affected often spend a lot of time thinking about achieving power or success, or on their appearance. They often . Antisocial personality disorder, sometimes called sociopathy, is a mental condition in which a person consistently shows no regard for right and wrong and ignores the rights and feelings of others. People with antisocial personality disorder tend to antagonize, .
A liability to become involved in intense and unstable relationships may cause repeated emotional crises and may be associated with excessive efforts to avoid abandonment and a series of suicidal threats or acts of self-harm although these may occur without obvious precipitants.
Epidemiology[ 34 ] Epidemiological data need to be interpreted with care, as diagnostic standards vary.
Personality disorders as a whole are common conditions. There is considerable variation in severity and in the degree of distress and dysfunction caused.Emotionally unstable personality disorder is one of ten personality disorders defined in the ICD classification system.
It is called borderline personality disorder in the DSM-IV and DSM-5 classification system and is still sometimes referred to as such by professionals in the UK. The Antisocial Personality Disorder* is characterized by a pervasive pattern of disregard for the rights of other people that often manifests as hostility and/or aggression.
Deceit and manipulation are also central features.
In many cases hostile-aggressive and deceitful behaviors may first appear. Antisocial personality disorder belongs to a group of mental health conditions known as Cluster B personality disorders.
All conditions in this category produce unpredictable or excessively dramatic thoughts and/or actions. Antisocial personality disorder is a disorder that is characterized by a long-standing pattern of disregard for other people’s rights, often crossing the line and violating those rights.
A. Borderline personality disorder is a personality disorder of emotional dysregulation that is characterized by the sufferer consistently exhibiting abnormal self-image, ways of feeling and interacting, leading to difficulties with interpersonal relationships.
Histrionic Personality Disorder refers to a “pervasive pattern of excessive emotionality and attention seeking.”. Narcissistic Personality Disorder refers to a “pervasive pattern of grandiosity (in fantasy or behavior), need for admiration, and lack of empathy.”.
Cluster C Personality Disorders. Avoidant Personality Disorder refers to a “pervasive pattern .